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Gustave Courbet (1819-1877, French) was the founder of the Realist movement in 19th-century France. Courbet began taking art lessons at age fourteen. In 1839, he moved to Paris, where he studied the works of Caravaggio and Peter Paul Rubens in the Louvre. Turning away from the Romantic painting in vogue at the time and representing unidealized everyday events in works like Burial at Ornans, Courbet drew criticism from the art establishment. Undeterred, Courbet became a model for a new generation of painters disillusioned with the traditional schools of painting through his Realist technique. His work influenced Édouard Manet and the Impressionists.